A garment worn by priests in ancient Israel, apparently with numinous quality, for it aided access to the divine (Judg. 17:5). David ordered the priest Abiathar to bring his ephod (1 Sam. 23:9). It would appear to be the elaborate tunic described in Exod. 28:39 and used not only in religious ritual but also for divination. The latter use would correspond to the occasions when decorative garments were put on the statues of Egyptian deities. Some references (e.g. 1 Sam. 21:9) seem more naturally to refer to a piece of furniture than to a garment.

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  • éphod — éphod …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • EPHOD — (Heb. אֵפוֹד). The term ephod occurs several times in the Bible, where it appears to describe different cultic objects. In Exodus 28 the ephod is a garment made of expensive materials. In I Samuel 2:18; 22:18; II Samuel 6:14 the ephod is made of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ephod — • a kind of garment, which differed according to its use by the high priest, by other persons present at religious services, or as the object of idolatrous worship Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Ephod     Ephod …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • éphod — [ efɔd ] n. m. • 1674; ephot v. 1170; hébr. efod, par le lat. bibl. ♦ Antiq. Tunique de lin que portaient les prêtres hébreux. ● éphod nom masculin (hébreu ēfōd) Vêtement liturgique des prêtres hébreux. ⇒ÉPHOD, subst. masc. [Dans la tradition… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ephod — Eph od, n. [Heb. [=e]ph[=o]d, fr. [=a]phad to put on.] (Jew. Antiq.) A part of the sacerdotal habit among Jews, being a covering for the back and breast, held together on the shoulders by two clasps or brooches of onyx stones set in gold, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ephod — Éphod Grand prêtre portant les vêtement sacrés. L ephod est représenté en jaune L éphod est un vêtement sacerdotal anciennement utilisé par les Juifs et lié de près aux pratiques oraculaires. Son nom latin est superhumerale. Dans l Ancien …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ephod — Hebrew ephod, from aphad “to put on.” …   Etymology dictionary

  • Ephod — Ephod, der Leibrock des jüdischen Hohenpriesters …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ephod — (Efod, hebr., bei Luther »Leibrock«), Amtskleid des Hohenpriesters, ein breiter, steifer, westenartiger, Brust und Rücken deckender golddurchwirkter Gurt, der von mantelkragenartigen Schulterblättern überdeckt und zusammengehalten wurde. Auf… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ephod —   [hebräisch] das, /... dim, in einem außerbiblischen Text (Ugarit) das Gewand der Gottheit, in den älteren Texten des Alten Testaments ein um die Lenden gewickelter leinener Teil der priesterlichen Amtstracht (1. Samuel 2, 18), in der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ephod — das; s, im <aus gleichbed. hebr. ēfôd zu āfad »überziehen, bekleiden«> kultisches Gewand im alten Israel …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

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